GUTIERREZ Diego German
Weedy ferns (Polypodiopsida) in Argentina: diversity, distribution and impact on human activities and ecosystems
YAÑEZ, A.; GUTIERREZ, D. G.; PONCE, M.
ANAIS DA ACADEMIA BRASILEIRA DE CIENCIAS.
ACAD BRASILEIRA DE CIENCIAS
Lugar: Rio de Janeiro; Año: 2020 vol. 92 p. 1 - 36
Currently, in Argentina 368 species of true ferns (i.e. Polypodiopsida class) are distributed throughout the country, however, only four of them have been mentioned until now as weeds and ruderal species. The goal of this work was to generate an update of weedy ferns from Argentina, including morphology, distribution, and type of weed according to their impact on natural habitats and/or human activities. All Argentinian fern species were analyzed based on references, herbarium specimens, and field trips. As a result of our study25 species were recorded from Argentina and classified as segetal, ecological, or aquatic weeds, and ruderal and/or toxic species. Current taxonomic identity, diagnostic characters, origins, habitats, geographical distributions, common names, and impact and potential risks were indicated by species. In addition, we provide a dichotomous key to species, presence of these species in southern South American countries, as well as and photographs in natural habitat. This work represents the first review on native and exotic ferns from Argentina thatcause an impact on human activities or disturbe native habitats. The results provide information for the development of weed management tools and priority areas to implement them.