GUTIERREZ Diego German
Development and morphology of the fruit and seed of the hemiparasite genus Jodina (Cervantesiaceae)
LUNA, M. L.; GIUDICE, G. H.; GROSSI, M. A.; GUTIERREZ, D. G.
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid
Editorial Real Jardín Botánico CSIC
Lugar: Madrid; Año: 2017 vol. 74 p. 1 - 9
The monotypic genus Jodina is endemic of central and southeastern South America,common in forests and scrubland environments. It belongs to the Cervantesiaceaefamily which includes eight genera that formerly belonged to Santalaceae s.l. Jodina rhombifolia is a hemiparasitic tree characterized by its rhombic and coriaceous leaf blades, glabrous surfaces, with a prominent spine at each vertex, and bisexual flowers with a nectary disk, a fleshy fruit and only one seed. The fruit type in Jodina is controversial since it has been described at different stages of development. The main objective of this work was to analyze the morphology of the fruit of J. rhombifolia during its maturation to attain a consensus about the fruit type. Also characteristics of seed development and anatomy which remained incomplete were analyzed in detail. Material was processed according to conventional techniques for LM and SEM studies. The fruit of J. rhombifolia is a pseudodrupe since the ovary is half-inferior; the fleshy layer of the pericarp is constituted by an increase of the nectary disk whereas the stony layer is represented by the mesocarp. Participation of the nectary disk as part of the fruit wall has not been mentioned previously. The seedis "naked" (the integument disintegrates during development) and the resultingstructure is a pyrene, sometimes mistaken in Santalaceae s.l. with the type of fruit nut. The interpretations made by other authors on the fruit type of Jodina are discussed.