INSTITUTO ARGENTINO DE NIVOLOGIA, GLACIOLOGIA Y CIENCIAS AMBIENTALES
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
congresos y reuniones científicas
The use of the faunal resources among the altitude hunter gatherers from southern Mendoza
CLARA OTAOLA; GUSTAVO NEME; GIARDINA MIGUEL; ADOLFO GIL
Congreso; The 39th Annual Conference of the Society of Ethnobiology;; 2016
Society of Ethnobiolog
During the last 20 years research was carried out to understand human use of environments located above 3000 m. asl in the Andes cordillera from southern Mendoza. The archaeological sites found there have singular characteristics which make them different from those located at lower elevation environments, even in the Eastern and Weastern slope of the Andes mountain range. These characteristics include the presence of open air habitation structures, high frequency of pottery, strong presence of non-local goods, late radiocarbon chronology and dependence on big game.The functionality of these archaeological sites, their place in the regional settlement system and the span of time spend in such locations is still under debate among researchers from Chile and Argentina. In this presentation we use Optimal Foraging concepts to evaluate alternative hypothesis which allow us to discuss previous ideas. To reach this objective we use archaeofaunal record from four archaeological sites, Los Peuquenes, El Indígeno, Laguna del Diamante and Risco de los Indios, all located in the meridional Andes from south America, in the headwaters of Diamante and Atuel rivers, a ca. 34⁰ SL. Former results show that these camps were occupied seasonally as part of a major settlement system, which include archaeological sites located at lower elevations. Finally, the archaeofaunal record suggests that this camps were used as base camps and probably with larger stays than was initially expected.