INSTITUTO ARGENTINO DE NIVOLOGIA, GLACIOLOGIA Y CIENCIAS AMBIENTALES
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
congresos y reuniones científicas
Early Permian footprints of central-western Argentina (Yacimiento Los Reyunos Formation): inferring body proportions and locomotion styles.
KRAPOVICKAS, VERÓNICA; MARSICANO, CLAUDIA; MANCUSO, ADRIANA CECILIA; DE LA FUENTE, MARCELO; OTTONE, EDUARDO GUILLERMO
Congreso; XXVII Jornadas Argentinas de Paleontología de Vertebrados; 2013
Universidad Nacional de La Rioja
Previously known tetrapod footprints and new materials from the Cisuralian Yacimiento Los Reyunos Formation are analyzed herein. The studied material, both collected and in situ, comes from two areas located in the sierra Pintada (Yacimiento Dr. Baulíes quarry) and sierra de las Peñas (La Julia quarry), west of San Rafael city, Mendoza. In order to identify the possible trackmakers we considered a series of measurements to estimate body proportions from the trackwaysand developed simple indexes. The studied specimens correspond to trackways assigned to Chelichnusduncani, Chelichnus gigas and "Pear-like" footprints. All correspond to plantigrade pentadactyl animals with manus and pesanteriorly directed, progressing with the same wide-gauged stance. In most cases, the claw marks are straight suggesting that at the beginning of the swing phase of the stride the limbs moved forward, without marked excursions of the limb outwards as seen in sprawling tetrapods as salamanders and lizards. Therefore, it seems that during progression the limbs of the trackmakers were located in a more parasagital position than in those tetrapods. All trackways lack tail drag and/or body drag marks suggesting that the body was kept well over the substrate during progression. C. duncani represents a small trackmaker (gleno-acetabular length of 140 mm) with relatively long limbs. In contrast, C.gigas and the "pear-like" footprints were relatively larger (average gleno-acetabular length of 300 mm) and short limbed. These animals represent at least two different groups of relatively semi-erect tetrapods that were inhabitants of an extreme environment as deserts and thus adapted to high degree of aridity conditions.