INSTITUTO ARGENTINO DE NIVOLOGIA, GLACIOLOGIA Y CIENCIAS AMBIENTALES
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
congresos y reuniones científicas
Wood anatomy of conifers from the upper triassic and lower jurassic strata oh the argentina
GNAEDINGER, SILVIA; ADRIANA, KLOSTER; ALEXANDRA, CRISAFULLI; ANA MARÍA, ZAVATTIERI; GÓMEZ, GRACIELA NOEMÍ
Conferencia; 2012 IAWA PAN-AMERICAN MEETING held in Recife PE Brazil; 2012
Faculdade de Ciências Agronômicas (FCA), UNESP/Botucatu, and the Fundação de Estudos e Pesquisas Agrícolas e Florestais (FEPAF).
Conifer Woods from Upper Triassic and Lower Jurassic beds of Argentina are describes. The morphogenera Podocarpoxylon Gothan and Protophyllocladoxylon Kräusel occur in the Upper Triassic Llantenes Formation (Mendoza province) and Laguna Colorada Formation (Santa Cruz province), while the morphogera, Kaokoxylon Kräusel, Agathoxylon Harting, Podocarpoxylon Gothan, Brachyoxylon Hollick and Protojuniperoxylon Ecklod occur in the Lower Jurassic El Freno Formation (Mendoza province), Piedra Pintada Formation (Neuquén province) and Roca Blanca (Santa Cruz province). Kaokoxylon Kräusel has characteristic feature of pith, primary endarch and secondary xylem. Both Agathoxylon and Kaokoxylon have araucarian type xylem (contiguous and alternate pitting), Brachyoxylon, Circoporxylon, Protophyllocladoxylon and Protojuniperoxylon have mixed type secondary xylem (araucarioid, mixedand abietinean type (radial ray parenchyma walls with nodules and obvious pits. Podocarpoxylon is abietinean type (radial pitting, separate and opposite) and has podocarpoid cross-fields. The diversity of conifer wood shows that during the Triassic-Jurassic there were three types of woods: araucarians-type considering as a legacy from the Paleozoic conifers, and characteristic of the current Araucariaceae; the abietinean type is encountered in most extant species of the conifers. The third type of mixed secondary xylem is more particular to those Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous wood conifers (but not exclusive). Most of the Mesozoic species identified as Agathoxylon and Kaokoxylon are related to the Family Araucariaceae. The genera identified as Podocarpoxylon, Circoporxylon and Protophyllocladoxylon show affinity to the Podocarpaceae. The genus Protojuniperoxylon is related to Cupressaceae and Jurassic-Cretaceous Brachyoxylon included in the extinct family Cheirolepidaceae.