INSTITUTO ARGENTINO DE NIVOLOGIA, GLACIOLOGIA Y CIENCIAS AMBIENTALES
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
congresos y reuniones científicas
Human subsistence changes during the late Holocene: resource over exploitation or climate change in the upper Atuel river valley, Argentina
G. NEME, D. NAVARRO, D. ANDREONI, C. LLANO1, M. GIARDINA, C. OTAOLA, F. FERNANDEZ, C. WHITLOCK, A. GIL
Congreso; INQUA; 2011
International Quaternary Asociation
Significant changes in human subsistence strategies took place during the Holocene in the high-altitude environments of southern Mendoza, Argentina. During the last 9000 yr BP, the mountain environments had been exploited but it was during the last 2000 yr BP that they had been effectively and completely occupied. Important changes in the land use had been also recorded including the consumption of smaller preys, greater plant-use diversity and the appearance of new technologies (bow and arrow, pottery). The main explanation for these changes has been until now the resources overexploitation by humans. At the same time scattered paleoenvironmental information suggested that some environmental changes took place, but still the real impact over the human population is not completely understood. In this paper we present the archaeological record from two shelter located in the Atuel River upper basin (34°47S, 69°52W; 2000 m asl; AMA-3 and LS-3), and its comparison with high resolution paleoenvironmental information recently available in the area at a local scale. The archaeological information includes archaeofaunal, archaeobotanical, and charcoal records. Meanwhile pollen and charcoal records analyzed from a core in El Sosneado Lake were used as proxy data to reconstruct vegetation, fire and environmental changes over the last 7.000 cal yr BP. This record shows the development of Andean-Patagonian shrub steppes with wetter and colder than present conditions between 6400 and 1900 cal yr BP. After that an abrupt change towards more sparse Patagonia-Monte vegetation indicates drier and warmer conditions.