INSTITUTO ARGENTINO DE NIVOLOGIA, GLACIOLOGIA Y CIENCIAS AMBIENTALES
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
congresos y reuniones científicas
A Multi-Century Tree-Ring Based Precipitation Reconstruction in the Altiplano: Integrating Instrumental Records, Tree-Rings and Historical Archives
MORALES MS; CHRISTIE, DA; VILLALBA, R; NIELSEN, AE; PRIETO, MR
Porto de Galinhas
Congreso; XIVth IWRA World Water Congress; 2011
We present a multicentury perspective of past precipitation variations in the Altiplano estimated from historical documents and a precipitation reconstruction based on Polylepis tarapacana tree-rings. The tree-ring reconstruction covers the past 700 years, and captures 54% of the instrumental precipitation variance. Spectral analysis of the tree-ring reconstruction reveals significant peaks at interannual, decadal and interdecadal periods which are in agreement with the main oscillatory modes of the instrumental records, and the Niño3.4 and PDO indices. During the 1585-1807 period the Spaniards consistently recorded the occurrence of wet/dry years because of water runoff was used to power the silver mills of Potosi, Bolivia. This past hidroclimate archive shows a remarkable similarity with the tree-ring reconstruction. The relationship between these records adds confidence on both proxies as reliable sources of precipitation variations across the Altiplano and represent a unique opportunity to better understand climate variability in this region during the past centuries. The development of climate-sensitive and well-replicated tree-ring records from this tropical-montane region provide information not only to reconstruct past environmental conditions at various temporal scales, but also to understand particular events in the past human history in the Andes.