INSTITUTO ARGENTINO DE NIVOLOGIA, GLACIOLOGIA Y CIENCIAS AMBIENTALES
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Improvement of isotope-based climate reconstructions in Patagonia through a better understanding of climate influences on isotopic fractionation in tree rings
LAVERGNE, A; PIERRE, M.; VILLALBA R.; SRUR A.M.; DAUX, V.; STIEVENARD, M.
EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2016 p. 372 - 372
Very few studies of stable isotopes exist across the Andes in South America. This study is the first presenting annually resolved chronologies of both δ18Oδ18O and δ13Cδ13C in Nothofagus pumilio and Fitzroya cupressoides trees from Northern Patagonia. Interannual variability in δ18Oδ18O and δ13Cδ13C was assessed over the period 1952?2011. Based on these chronologies, we determined the primary climatic controls on stable isotopes and tree physiological responses to changes in atmospheric CO2 concentrations (ca)(ca), temperature and humidity. Changes in specific intrinsic water use efficiency (iWUE) were inferred from variations in δ13Cδ13C whereas the effects of CO2 increase on stomatal conductance were explored using δ18Oδ18O. Over the 60-year period, iWUE increased significantly (by ca. 25%) in coincidence with the rise of caca. The two species appear to have different strategies of gas-exchange. Whereas iWUE variations were likely driven by both stomatal conductance and photosynthetic assimilation rates in F. cupressoides, they were largely related to stomatal conductance in N. pumilio . After removing the low-frequency trends related to increasing caca, significant relationships between δ13Cδ13C and summer temperatures were recorded for both species. However, δ13Cδ13C variations in F. cupressoides were more strongly influenced by summer temperatures than in N. pumilio. Our results advocate for an indirect effect of summer temperatures on stable isotope ratios, which is mostly influenced by sunlight radiation in F. cupressoides and relative humidity/soil moisture in N. pumilio . δ13Cδ13C variations in F. cupressoides were spatially correlated to a large area south of 35°S in southern South America. These promising results encourage the use of δ13Cδ13C variations in F. cupressoides for reconstructing past variations in temperature and large-scale circulation indexes such as the Southern Annular Mode (SAM) in the Southern Hemisphere.