INSTITUTO ARGENTINO DE NIVOLOGIA, GLACIOLOGIA Y CIENCIAS AMBIENTALES
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
A new nothrotheriid xenarthran from the early Pliocene of Pomata-Ayte (Bolivia): new insights into the caniniform?molariform transition in sloths
DE IULIIS, G; ANDRADE-FLORES, R; MARIVAUX, L; ANTOINE, P.O.; MAMANI-QUISPE, B.; BILLET, G.; MUNCH, P; PUJOS, F.R; ADNET, S.; FERNANDEZ-MONESCILLO, M; MERCEDES B. PRÁMPARO
ZOOLOGICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY
WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2016 vol. 178 p. 679 - 679
Tardigrade xenarthrans are today represented only by the two tree sloth genera Bradypus and Choloepus, whichinhabit the Neotropical rainforests and are characterized by their slowness and suspensory locomotion. Sloths havebeen recognized in South America since the early Oligocene. This monophyletic group is represented by five cladestraditionally recognized as families: Bradypodidae, Megalonychidae, Mylodontidae (?), Megatheriidae (?) andNothrotheriidae (?). A new nothrotheriid ground sloth represented by a dentary and several postcranial elements,Aymaratherium jeani gen. nov., sp. nov., from the early Pliocene locality of Pomata-Ayte (Bolivia) is reported.This small- to medium-sized species is characterized especially by its dentition and several postcranial features. Itexhibits several convergences with the ?aquatic? nothrotheriid sloth Thalassocnus and the giant megatheriid groundsloth Megatherium (M.) americanum, and is interpreted as a selective feeder, with good pronation and supinationmovements. The tricuspid caniniform teeth of Aymaratherium may represent a transitional stage between thecaniniform anterior teeth of basal megatherioids and basal nothrotheriids (1/1C-4/3M as in Hapalops orMionothropus) and the molariform anterior teeth of megatheriids (5/4M, e.g. Megatherium). To highlight thephylogenetic position of this new taxon among nothrotheriid sloths, we performed a cladistic assessment of theavailable dental and postcranial evidence. Our results, derived from a TNT treatment of a data matrix largely basedon a published phylogenetic data set, indicate that Aymaratherium is either sister taxon to Mionothropus or sister tothe clade Nothrotheriini within Nothrotheriinae. They further support the monophyly of both the Nothrotheriinaeand the Nothrotheriini, as suggested previously by several authors.