INSTITUTO ARGENTINO DE NIVOLOGIA, GLACIOLOGIA Y CIENCIAS AMBIENTALES
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
The Little Ice Age glacier advance in the Central Andes (35ºS), Argentina
ESPIZUA, L. E.; PITTE, P.
PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY
Lugar: Oxford UK; Año: 2009 vol. 281 p. 345 - 345
This paper documents the occurrence of the Little Ice Age (LIA) in the El Azufre and El Peñón glaciers at 35º55 and in the Las Choicas and Las Damas glaciers at 34º55´S in the headwaters of the Rio Grande basin in the Central Andes of Argentina. Moraine morphology, stratigraphic relationships, radiocarbon ages obtained from peat on these glacial deposits and the proximity to the active glaciers enabled us to reconstruct the LIA advance in this area. The LIA maximum advance occurred between cal. yr 1550 and 1720 AD, and a readvance occurred around cal. yr 1830 AD. In addition, glacier fluctuation, of the Las Vacas and Güssfeldt glaciers (33ºS) and El Peñón and El Azufre glaciers were documented from the end of the 19th century to the present based on historical and aerial photographs, and satellite images. The glaciers showed a marked retreat during 1894-2007. Minor readvances occurred in the 1980s and 1990s, which could be related with strong warm ENSO events during these decades. Our results are consistent with observations made by other authors in the region.