INSTITUTO ARGENTINO DE NIVOLOGIA, GLACIOLOGIA Y CIENCIAS AMBIENTALES
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Carnivorans at the Great American Biotic Interchange: new discoveries from the northern neotropics
FORASIEPI, A.M.; SOIBELZON, L.H.; SUAREZ GOMEZ, C.; SÁNCHEZ, R; QUIROZ, L.I.; JARAMILLO, C; SANCHEZ-VILLAGRA M.
Lugar: Berlin; Año: 2014 vol. 101 p. 965 - 965
We report two fossil procyonids, Cyonasua sp. and Chapalmalania sp., from the late Pliocene of Venezuela (Vergel Member, San Gregorio Formation) and Colombia (Ware Formation), respectively. The occurrence of these pre- Holocene procyonids outside Argentina and in the north of South America provides further information about the Great American Biotic Interchange (GABI). The new specimens are recognized in the same monophyletic group as procyonids found in the southern part of the continent, the ?Cyonasua group,? formed by species of Cyonasua and Chapalmalania. The phylogenetic analysis that includes the two new findings support the view that procyonids dispersed from North America in two separate events (initially, previous to the first major migration wave?GABI 1?and then within the last major migration wave?GABI 4?). This involved reciprocal lineage migrations from North to South America, and included the evolution of South American endemic forms.