IANIGLA   20881
INSTITUTO ARGENTINO DE NIVOLOGIA, GLACIOLOGIA Y CIENCIAS AMBIENTALES
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
artículos
Título:
Inventory and recent changes of small glaciers on the northeast margin of the South Patagonian Icefield, Argentina
Autor/es:
MASIOKAS, M.H.; DELGADO, S.; PITTE, P.; BERTHIER, E.; VILLALBA, R.; SKVARCA, P.; RUIZ, L.; UKITA, J.; YAMANOKUCHI, T.; TADONO, T.; MARINSEK, S.; COUVREUX, F.; ZALAZAR, L.
Revista:
JOURNAL OF GLACIOLOGY
Editorial:
INT GLACIOL SOC
Referencias:
Lugar: London; Año: 2015 vol. 61 p. 511 - 511
ISSN:
0022-1430
Resumen:
Most glaciological studies in Argentina have focused on the large outlet glaciers of theSouthern Patagonia Icefield (SPI); the numerous smaller neighboring glaciers have received significantly less attention. We present an inventory of 248 medium- to small-size glaciers (0.01?25km2) adjacent to the northeast margin of the SPI, describe their change over the period 1979?2005 and assess local and regional climatic variations in an attempt to explain the observed glacier changes. Based on an ASTER mosaic from 20 February 2005 and the ASTER Global Digital Elevation Model, we identified a total glacier area of 187.27.4km2 between 600 and 2870ma.s.l. Glaciers are largely debris-free and are concentrated in the western, more humid sector adjacent to the SPI. Using a 20 March 1979 US military intelligence Hexagon KH-9 satellite photograph, we measured a total areal reduction of 33.7 km2 (15.2%) between 1979 and 2005. Ablation season temperatures from the study area have followed a regional warming trend that could partly explain the observed glacier shrinkage. Annual precipitation estimates show a gradual decrease between 1979 and 2002 that may also have contributed to the ice mass loss.