INSTITUTO ARGENTINO DE NIVOLOGIA, GLACIOLOGIA Y CIENCIAS AMBIENTALES
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Geographic variation in bone carbonate and water d18O values in Mendoza, Argentina and their relationship to prehistoric economy and settlement
UGAN, D.; NEME, G.; A. GIL; COLTRAIN, J; TYKOT, R.; NOVELLINO, P
JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE
ACADEMIC PRESS LTD-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2012 vol. 39 p. 2752 - 2752
Questions of mobility, settlement pattern, and their relation to economic organization and resource use are central to ongoing work in central-western Argentina. Here we analyze geographic patterns in the distribution of 178 human bone carbonate d18O samples, 46 human tooth enamel carbonate d18O samples, and 48 water d18O samples from throughout the Andean Cordillera and Monte Desert and evaluate their implications for prehistoric mobility and economy. We confirm and refine previous generalizations regarding a highland/lowland dichotomy in water d18O values and show that the range of human carbonate d18O values generally reflect available water sources. While there is little withinlifetime change in patterns of water use, we show that most individuals have stable isotope signatures consistent with water use from multiple areas or areas other than where they were ultimately interred. These data indicate high levels of residential mobility, and we conclude by discussing their implications for our understanding of regional prehistory.