INSTITUTO ARGENTINO DE NIVOLOGIA, GLACIOLOGIA Y CIENCIAS AMBIENTALES
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Caracterización geoquímica y estructural de feldespatos potásicos de algunas pegmatitas de los Grupos Balilla y Aurora, distrito pegmatítico Valle Fértil, San Juan
OYARZÁBAL J. C., ; ROQUET, M. B.; GALLISKI, M. A.; PERINO, E.
Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina
Instituto Salesiano de Artes Gráficas
Lugar: Buenos Aires; Año: 2011 vol. 68 p. 5 - 5
Geochemical and structural characterization of potassic feldspars from pegmatites from Balilla and Aurora Group, Valle Fértil pegmatitic field, San Juan.San Guillermo, Santa Amalia, Andacollo and El Chañar muscovite-bearing pegmatites from Balilla and Aurora pegmatite groups, are located between 30º30´ and 30º47´S and 67º29´ and 67º43´W, in the Sierra de Valle Fértil, northwestern Argentina. The deposits are hosted in medium to high-grade metamorphic rocks of Barrovian upper amphibolite to granulite facies. Thepegmatites are tabular, with N25º-30ºW to N25º-45ºE predominant strikes, and 30º-45º NE or NW dips. The pegmatites show heterogeneous, complex internal structure with variable textural patterns and mineral modes; the units of primary crystallization are border, wall, intermediate zones and quartz core, discrete muscovite and albite replacement bodies are always present. The mineral assemblages are characterized by the predominance of K-feldspar, quartz, plagioclase, muscoviteand biotite; the accessory minerals are Grt-Brl-Vrm-Aln-Mnz-Ep. Based on mineralogical, geochemical, structural and paragenetic attributes, the pegmatites are mainly classified as belonging to the muscovite (MS) class. The K-feldspar from the intermediate zones shows pink or pale brown color, blocky texture and moderate perthitic character. Their chemical analysesreflect the pegmatite type, geochemical signature and mineralization of the deposits, the K/Rb, K/Cs and Rb/Sr ratios correlate well with the established patterns of geochemical fractionation for muscovite-bearing and barren rare-element pegmatites of LCT (Li, Cs, Ta) signature of the Pampean pegmatitic province. (Al, Si) ordering in the tetrahedral sites have been calculatedfrom lattice parameters, selected diffraction-peak positions, and translation distances along  and  directions. The results indicate that the blocky K-feldspar from intermediate zones have a fully ordered structure. The near maximum microcline state suggests conditions of crystallization at low rates of nucleation. Identical ordering values were determined for internal K-feldspar with similar texture and grain-size in other deposits of the Pampean pegmatitic province.K-feldspar, geochemistry, (Al, Si) ordering, pegmatites, Valle Fértil pegmatite field.