INSTITUTO DE LACTOLOGIA INDUSTRIAL
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Evaluation of volatile compounds produced by Lactobacillus paracasei I90 in a hardcooked cheese model using solid phase microextraction
PERALTA, GUILLERMO H; WOLF IRMA V; BERGAMINI CARINA V; PEROTTI MARÍA C; HYNES ERICA R.
DAIRY SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
EDP SCIENCES S A
Lugar: Paris; Año: 2014 vol. 96 p. 5465 - 5465
Selected strains of mesophilic lactobacilli with key enzymatic activities may be employed to intensify or diversify cheese flavor during ripening. Among enzymes of interest, aminotransferases are most important, as they are involved in the first step of amino acid (AA) catabolism. In previous studies, Lactobacillus paracasei I90 has been shown to increase both the secondary proteolysis in soft and semi-hard cheeses and the production of volatile compounds in mini-soft cheeses. In this work, its potential for the formation of volatile compounds derived from AA catabolism was assessed by solid phase microextraction coupled to GC-FID/MS in a hard-cooked cheese model, consisting of a cheese extract sterilized by filtration. Lb. paracasei I90 showed aminotransferase activity towards all the AAs studied (branched-chain AAs, aromatic AAs, aspartic acid and methionine). The highest levels were observed for aspartic (Asp), followed by branched-chain AAs and tryptophane (Trp). Among the volatile compounds derived from AAs, 2-methylbutanal, 3-methylbutanal, diacetyl, 3-methyl1-butanol, acetic and 3-methylbutanoic acids were detected at higher level in extracts inoculated with Lb. paracasei I90 than in controls. It was concluded that the production of volatile compounds by Lb. paracasei I90 in a hard cheese model was consistent with its main aminotransferase activities, making this strain a good candidate for enhancing flavour in hard cheeses.