INLAIN   20354
INSTITUTO DE LACTOLOGIA INDUSTRIAL
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
artículos
Título:
Cell viability and immunostimulating and protective capacities of Bifidobacterium longum 5 are differentially affected by technological variables in fermented milks
Autor/es:
T.C.SOUZA; ZACAR√ćAS, M.F.; A.M.SILVA; A.BINETTI; J. REINHEIMER; J.R.NICOLI; G. VINDEROLA
Revista:
JOURNAL OF APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY
Editorial:
WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Referencias:
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2012 vol. 112 p. 1184 - 1184
ISSN:
1364-5072
Resumen:
Aim: To investigate the cell viability of Bifidobacterium longum 51A in fermented milks and to study its immunostimulating and protective capacity against Salmonella enterica ssp. enterica serovar Typhimurium infection in mice.To investigate the cell viability of Bifidobacterium longum 51A in fermented milks and to study its immunostimulating and protective capacity against Salmonella enterica ssp. enterica serovar Typhimurium infection in mice.Salmonella enterica ssp. enterica serovar Typhimurium infection in mice.ssp. enterica serovar Typhimurium infection in mice. Methods and Results: Bifidobacterium longum 51A was added to milk fermented with different yoghurt starter cultures, before or after fermentation, and viability was monitored during storage (5C, 28 days). Resistance to simulated gastric acid digestion was assessed. Fermented milks were orally administered to mice for 10 days followed by oral infection with Salmonella Typhimurium. The number of IgA+ cells in the small and large intestine was determined before infection. Survival to infection was monitored for 20 days. Bifidobacterium longumBifidobacterium longum 51A was added to milk fermented with different yoghurt starter cultures, before or after fermentation, and viability was monitored during storage (5C, 28 days). Resistance to simulated gastric acid digestion was assessed. Fermented milks were orally administered to mice for 10 days followed by oral infection with Salmonella Typhimurium. The number of IgA+ cells in the small and large intestine was determined before infection. Survival to infection was monitored for 20 days. Bifidobacterium longumSalmonella Typhimurium. The number of IgA+ cells in the small and large intestine was determined before infection. Survival to infection was monitored for 20 days. Bifidobacterium longumBifidobacterium longum 51A lost viability during storage, but the product containing it was effective for the induction of IgA+ cells proliferation in the gut and for the protection of mice against Salm. Typhimurium infection.1A lost viability during storage, but the product containing it was effective for the induction of IgA+ cells proliferation in the gut and for the protection of mice against Salm. Typhimurium infection.Salm. Typhimurium infection. Conclusions: Cell viability of Bif. longum 51A in fermented milks along storage did not condition the capacity of the strain to enhance the number of IgA+ cells in the gut and to protect mice against Salmonella infection.Cell viability of Bif. longum 51A in fermented milks along storage did not condition the capacity of the strain to enhance the number of IgA+ cells in the gut and to protect mice against Salmonella infection.Salmonella infection. Significance and Impact of the Study: The uncoupling of cell viability and functionality demonstrated that, in certain cases, nonviable cells can also exert positive effects.The uncoupling of cell viability and functionality demonstrated that, in certain cases, nonviable cells can also exert positive effects.