Information-theoretic characterization of eye-tracking signals with relation to cognitive tasks
IACONIS, F.R.; JIMÉNEZ GANDICA, A.A.; DEL PUNTA, J.A.; DELRIEUX, C.A.; GASANEO, G.
CHAOS AN INTERDISCIPLINARY JR OF NONLINEAR SCIENCE
AMER INST PHYSICS
Año: 2021 vol. 31
Eye tracking is being increasingly used as a more powerful diagnosis instrument when compared with traditional pen-and-paper tests in psychopedagogy and psychology. This technology may significantly improve neurocognitive assessments in gathering indirect latent information about the subjects´ performance. However, the meaning and implications of these data are far from being fully understood. In this work, we present a comprehensive study of eye tracking time series in terms of statistical complexity measures. We registered the eye tracking movements of several subjects solving the two parts of the commonly applied Trail Making Test (TMT-A and TMT-B) and studied their Shannon entropy, disequilibrium, statistical complexity, and Fisher information with respect to three different probability distributions. The results show that these quantifiers reveal information about different features of the gaze depending on the distribution considered. As a meaningful result, we found that Fisher information in the position distribution reflects the difficulties encountered by the subject when solving the task. Such a characterization may be of interest to understand the underlying cognitive tasks performed by the subjects, and, additionally, it can serve as a source of valuable parameters to quantitatively assess how and why the subjects budget their attention, providing psychologists and psychopedagogues with more refined neuropsychological evaluation features and tools.