Models for saccadic motion and postsaccadic oscillations
DEL PUNTA, J.A.; RODRIGUEZ, K.V.; GASANEO, G.; BOUZAT, S.
Physical Review E
American Physical Society
Año: 2019 vol. 99
In a recent letter [S. Bouzat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 178101 (2018)10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.178101], a mathematical model for eyeball and pupil motion was developed allowing for the understanding of the postsaccadic oscillations (PSO) as inertial effects. The model assumes that the inner part of the iris, which defines the pupil, moves driven by inertial forces induced by the eyeball rotation, in addition to viscous and elastic forces. Among other achievements, the model correctly reproduces eye-tracking experiments concerning PSO profiles and their dependence on the saccade size. In this paper we propose various extensions of the mentioned model, we provide analytical solutions, and we perform an exhaustive analysis of the dynamics. In particular, we consider a more general time dependence for the eyeball velocity enabling the description of saccades with vanishing initial acceleration. Moreover, we give the analytical solution in terms of hypergeometric functions for the constant parameter version of the model and we provide particular expressions for some cases of interest. We also introduce a new version of the model with inhomogeneous viscosity that can improve the fitting of the experimental results. Our analysis of the solutions explores the dependence of the PSO profiles on the system parameters for varying saccade sizes. We show that the PSO emerge in critical-like ways when parameters such as the elasticity of the iris, the global eyeball velocity, or the saccade size vary. Moreover, we find that the PSO profiles with the first overshoot smaller than the second one, which are usually observed in experiments, can be associated to parameter regions close to criticality.