On the applicability of the exterior complex scaling method for scattering problems including Coulombic potentials
G. GASANEO, L. U. ANCARANI AND D. M. MITNIK
EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL D
Lugar: Berlin; Año: 2012 vol. 66 p. 911 - 9113
We study some formal aspects of the exterior complex scaling (ECS) approach when implemented for both short and long-range potentials. In particular, we focus on the inconsistencies related to the requirement of an artificial cut-off of the potential in order to avoid exponential divergencies due to the complex rotation. For the pure two-body Coulomb potential we demonstrate analytically and numerically that the ECS inner solution is indeed the correct one, thus reinforcing the method; the extraction of the transition amplitude, however, remains problematic. We also show that a consistent application of the ECS method requires a distorted wave formulation, and two variants are proposed. Finally, we will propose an approach equivalent to the original ECS but that avoids all formal difficulties. It is based on performing the complex rotation on the basis functions rather than on the driven equation itself, and makes use of Sturmian functions with appropriately chosen outgoing boundary conditions. Our proposal differs from one of the original versions of the ECS method, through the use of physically based basis functions rather than pure numeric ones.