GOMEZ ZAVAGLIA Andrea
Release of health-related compounds during in vitro gastro-intestinal digestion of okara and okara fermented with Lactobacillus plantarum
QUINTANA, GABRIEL; SPÍNOLA, VÍTOR; MARTINS, GONÇALO N.; GERBINO, ESTEBAN; GÓMEZ-ZAVAGLIA, ANDREA; CASTILHO, PAULA C.
JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-MYSORE
ASSOC FOOD SCIENT TECHN INDIA
Año: 2020 vol. 57 p. 1061 - 1070
Okara is a highly perishable by-product remaining after filtration of the smashed soybeans seeds in the production of soymilk. Due to its nutritional value, different approaches have been developed to use it as functional ingredient. Fermentation of okara appears as an interesting strategy to preclude spoilage, providing a more stable matrix to be incorporated in the formulation of functional foods. Okara has antioxidant compounds but the effect of fermentation, and their bioaccessibility still need to be investigated. To achieve this aim, the phenolic compounds (as determined by TPC and TFC assays) and the antioxidant properties (as determined by ABTS?, DPPH, O2 - assays) of okara and okara fermented with Lactobacillus plantarum CIDCA 83114 were assessed both before and after exposure to simulated gastro-intestinal conditions. Before digestion, okara showed higher values of TPC and TFC than the fermented counterpart. Although a decrease of TPC and TFC was observed after exposing okara to gastric conditions, no significant differences between okara and fermented okara were detected. No further decrease of TPC were observed in intestinal conditions. Okara showed higher antioxidant activity than fermented okara. There was a considerable decrease in the antioxidant activity for both samples when exposed to gastric and intestinal conditions. A good correlationbetween TFC and antioxidant activities was detected, suggesting that flavonoids play an important role as antioxidants. As a whole, this work provides a solid support for the stability of phytochemicals along the digestive process of both okara and fermented okara.