GOMEZ ZAVAGLIA Andrea
Okara as a culture medium and stabilizing matrix for freeze-dried and spray-dried L. plantarum CIDCA 83114
G. QUINTANA, E. GERBINO, A. GOMEZ ZAVAGLIA
FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY
Lausanne : Frontiers Research Foundation
Lugar: Lausanne; Año: 2017 vol. 8 p. 641 - 650
Okara is a nutritionally valuable by-product produced in large quantities as result of soymilk elaboration. This work proposes its use as both culture and dehydration medium during freeze-drying, spray-drying and storage of Lactobacillus plantarum CIDCA 83114.Whole and defatted okara were employed as culture media for Lactobacillus plantarum CIDCA 83114. The growth kinetics were followed by plate counting and compared with those of bacteria grown in MRS broth (control). No significant differences in plate counting were observed in the three media. The fatty acid composition of bacteria grown in whole and defatted okara showed a noticeable increase in the unsaturated/saturated fatty acid ratio, with regard to bacteria grown in MRS. This change was mainly due to the increase in polyunsaturated fatty acids, namely C18:2.For dehydration assays, cultures in the stationary phase were neutralized and freeze-dried (with or without the addition of 250 mM sucrose) or spray-dried. Bacteria were plate counted immediately after freeze-drying or spray-drying and during storage at 4oC for 90 days. Freeze-drying in whole okara conducted to the highest bacterial recovery.Regarding storage, spray-dried bacteria previously grown in whole and defatted okara showed higher plate counts than those grown in MRS. On the contrary, freeze-dried bacteria previously grown in all the three culture media were those with the lowest plate counts. The addition of sucrose to the dehydration media improved their recovery.The higher recovery of microorganisms grown in okara after freeze-drying and spray-drying processes and during storage was ascribed to both the presence of fiber and proteins in the dehydration media, and the increase in unsaturated/saturated fatty acids ratio in bacterial membranes.The obtained results support for the first time the use of okara as an innovative matrix to deliver L. plantarum. Considering that okara is an agro-waste obtained in large quantities, these results represent an innovative strategy to add it value, providing a symbiotic ingredient with promising industrial applications in the development of novel functional foods and feeds.