GOMEZ ZAVAGLIA Andrea
Matrix isolation FT-IR Spectroscopic and Theoretical Study of Dimethyl Sulfite
BORBA, ANA; GOMEZ ZAVAGLIA, ANDREA; SIMÕES,PEDRO N.N.L. AND FAUSTO, RUI
JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY A
American Chemical Society
Lugar: 1100 Seventeenth Street, NW Suite 507 Washington, DC 20036-4632; Año: 2005 vol. 109 p. 3578 - 3586
The preferred conformations of dimethyl sulfite and their vibrational spectra were studied by matrix-isolation Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and theoretical methods (density functional theory (DFT) and Moller-Plesset (MP2), with basis sets of different sizes, including the quadruple-zeta, aug-cc-pVQZ basis). Five minima were found at these levels of theory. At the MP2/6-31++G(d,p) and DFT/B3LYP/aug-cc-pVQPZ levels, the GG conformer (where the O-S-O-C dihedral angles are 73.2 and 70.8 degrees ) resulted in the conformational ground state. At the highest level of theory used, the GT conformer (O-S-O-C = +68.5 and -173.2 degrees ) is 0.83 kJ mol(-1) higher in energy than the GG form, while conformer GG' (O-S-O-C = +85.7 and -85.7 degrees ) has a relative energy of 1.18 kJ mol(-1). The remaining two conformers (G'T and TT) are high-energy forms and not experimentally relevant. In consonance with the theoretical predictions, conformer GG was found to be the most stable conformer in the gaseous phase as well as in the low-temperature matrices. Annealing of the argon matrices first promotes the GG'-->GT isomerization, which is followed by conversion of GT into the most stable conformer. There is no evidence of occurrence of GG'-->GG direct conversion in the low-temperature matrices. On the other hand, during deposition of the xenon matrices conformer GG' totally converts to conformer GT. Two observations demonstrated this fact: no evidence of bands corresponding to GG' were observed in xenon matrices and the GG/GT intensity ratio became similar to the GG/(GT + GG') intensity ratio observed in argon matrices. All these results could be explained by taking into account the relative values of the theoretically predicted energy barriers for the different isomerization processes: GG'-->GT, 1.90 kJ mol(-1); GT-->GG, 9.64 kJ mol(-1); and GG'-->GG, 19.46 kJ mol(-1).