GOMEZ ZAVAGLIA Andrea
Effect of human defensins on lactobacilli and liposomes
A. HUGO, E.E. TYMCZYSZYN, A. GÓMEZ ZAVAGLIA, P. PEREZ
JOURNAL OF APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY
WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2012 vol. 113 p. 1491 - 1497
Aims: To study the effect of human b-defensins (HBD-1 and HBD-2) on lactobacilli membranes as well as on liposomes prepared from purified bacterial lipids. Methods and Results: Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus CIDCA 331 and Lact. delbrueckii subsp. lactis CIDCA 133 were grown in Man, Rogosa, Sharpe broth for 16 h at 37°C. After being washed, micro-organisms were treated with 0110 lg ml1 of HBD-1 and HBD-2 (30 min, 37°C). Bacterial damage was determined by flow cytometry after propidium iodide staining. In parallel experiments, release of carboxyfluorescein from liposomes prepared from bacterial lipids was determined fluorometrically (excitation 485/20 nm, emission 528/20 nm) in the presence of HBD-1, HBD-2 or Nisin. Exposure of lactobacilli to HBD-2 resulted in a significant membrane permeabilization being Lact. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus CIDCA 331 the most susceptible strain. Liposomes prepared with lipids from strain CIDCA 133 were destabilized neither by HBD-1 nor by HBD-2, whereas liposomes derived from strain CIDCA 331 were susceptible to HBD-2 but not to HBD-1. Effect of defensins was strongly inhibited in the presence of NaCl, and the activity increased in water. Conclusions: Results reported in the presented work indicate that lipid composition of bacterial membranes lead to a different interaction with cationic peptides such as defensins. Significance and Impact of the study: The results represent an advance in the understanding of the differential effect of HBDs on micro-organisms. Differences in susceptibility to anti-microbial peptides could modify the fate of micro-organisms after the interaction with hosts cells.