MIRANDA Maria Victoria
Recombinant protein purification using complementary peptides as affinity tags
CAMILA MARTINEZ CERON; ALEXANDRA TARGOVNIK; NICOLÀS URTASUN; OSVALDO CASCONE; MIRANDA MARÍA VICTORIA; CAMPERI SILVIA
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Affinity tags have become highly popular tools for purifying recombinant proteins from crude extracts by affinity chromatography. Besides, short peptides are excellent ligands for affinity chromatography, as they are not likely to cause an immune response in case of leakage into the product, they are more stable than antibodies to elution and cleaning conditions and they usually have very acceptable selectivity. Hydropathically complementary peptides designed de novo show enough selectivity to be used successfully as peptide ligands for protein purification from crude extracts. Recognition specificity and selectivity in the interaction between the complementary peptide pair His-Leu-Leu-Phe-Pro-Ile-Ile-Ile- Ala-Ala-Ser-Leu and Lys-Asn-Tyr-Pro-Lys-Lys-Lys-Met-Glu-Lys-Arg-Phe have been demonstrated by other authors. In this work, we designed a recombinant protein purification method using a peptide affinity tag that binds to a peptide-binding partner immobilized on a chromatographic matrix. The enhanced green fluorescent protein expressed (EGFP) in Escherichia coli was used as the model. The peptide Gly-Gly-Gly-His-Leu-Leu-Phe-Pro-Ile-Ile-Ile-Ala-Ala-Ser-Leu was synthesized by solid phase using the Fmoc chemistry and immobilized in NHS-Sepharose (PC-Sepharose). Gly residues were added as a spacer arm at the N terminus. The EGFP was expressed either with the fusion tag Lys-Asn- Tyr-Pro-Lys-Lys-Lys-Met-Glu-Lys-Arg-Phe on the C terminus (EGFP-CPTag) or without any fusion tag. After cell disruption, the extract was directly applied to the PC-Sepharose column equilibrated with 20 mM sodium phosphate buffer, pH 7.0. The adsorbed EGFP-CPTag was then eluted with 1 M Tris. The yield was 98% and the purification factor 4.6. By contrast, EGFP without tag pass through without interacting with the PC-Sepharose column. The method designed can be applied for the purification of other recombinant proteins.