ROIG Sergio Alberto
Vicariance events shaping Southern South American insect distributions
MARTHA CECILIA DOMÍNGUEZ; AGRAIN, F.; FLORES, GUSTAVO, E; ROIG JUÑENT, S.
WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2016 vol. 45 p. 504 - 504
Domınguez, M.C., Agrain, F.A., Flores, G.E. & Roig-Ju~nent, S.A. (2016). Vicariance events shaping Southern South American insect distributions. ?Zoologica Scripta, 45, 504?511. The main goal of this study is to use multiple insect phylogenies along with geographical information to test known vicariance hypotheses for Southern South America. We analysed the phylogenies and geographical distributions of seven insect genera endemic to southern South America using Hovenkamp?s (1997) protocol, which have been in part implemented in software (vicariance inference program). Using this software, we were able to hypothesize 55 traceable vicariance events; among these, we recognized four supported vicariance events (i.e. confirmed by more than a single sister group). The first supported vicariance event consisted of an East/West separation of the faunas in all analysed trees; the second supported vicariance event is a North/South separation of the fauna located East of the Andes; the third supported vicariance event was found in the southernmost fauna located East of the Andes, which separates allopatric Patagonian species in a North/South direction; and finally, the fourth supported vicariance event separates in a North/South direction clades of the Central Chilean fauna located West of the Andes. Our results suggest that these four supported vicariance events could be correlated with the uplifting of the Andes and the marine ingressions that occurred during the Cenozoic that is the estimated age at which these events occurred. Finally, we discuss that current software implementation of Hovenkamp?s ideas need to be expanded, particularly regarding the automated selection of traceable vicariance events.