GARGIULO Pascual Angel
41) The phenomenological method as an opening to psychopathology and psychotherapy
ACTA PSIQUIATRICA Y PSICOLOGICA DE AMERICA LATINA
ACTA, FONDO PARA LA SALUD MENTAL
Lugar: Buenos Aires; Año: 2018 vol. 64 p. 273 - 273
From the phenomenological position of philosophy numerous projections have been made on the field of psychopathology, to generate suitable tools and practical positions to demarcate what corresponds to the approach through the natural sciences and the so-called sciences of the spirit. This position has the relevant merit of allowing access, in the first instance, to other individuals, as an empathic approach, in both normal and pathological psychology. In a second moment, and according to the comprehensibility of the acts and attitudes observed in other people, the method in question enables a rigorous categorical diagnostic approach, according to the methodological debate of the delimitation of the sciences, with all its implications in the psychopathological taxonomy. The exclusion of the observed from the scope of the comprehensible to the scope of the explicable is no less central in the psychopathological approach. This implies the attribution of what is incomprehensible to the empathic approach. It is then attributed to the causally generated from the realm of nature, concretely, to the realm of delirium in the strict sense, to the pathology in the natural medical sense. Biology opens an explanatory possibility facing a phenomenon that is incomprehensible from the perspective of the sciences of the spirit.