KORNBLIHTT Alberto Rodolfo
An early ancestor in the evolution of splicing: a Trypanosoma cruzi serine-arginine-rich protein (TcSR) is functional in cis-splicing.
PORTAL D; ESPINOSA JM; LOBO GS; KADENER S; PEREIRA CA; DE LA MATA M; TANG Z; LIN RJ; KORNBLIHTT AR; BARALLE, F. E.; FLAWIA, MIRTHA MARÍA; TORRES HN
MOLECULAR AND BIOCHEMICAL PARASITOLOGY
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Año: 2003 p. 37 - 37
A novel serine-arginine-rich protein designated TcSR was identified in Trypanosoma cruzi. The deduced amino acid sequence reveals that TcSR is a member of the SR protein family of splicing factors that contains two RNA-binding domains at the N-terminal side and several serine-arginine repeats at the COOH-terminus. Over expression of either TcSR or the human SR-protein associated splicing factor/splicing factor 2 (ASF/SF2) in wild-type Schizosaccharomyces pombe, provoked an elongated phenotype similar to that of fission yeast over expressing the SR-containing splicing factor Prp2, a U2AF(65) orthologue. When a double mutant strain lacking two SR protein-specific protein kinases was used, expression of TcSR or human SR ASF/SF2 splicing factor reverted the mutant to a wild-type phenotype. Transient expression of TcSR in HeLa cells stimulated the inclusion of the EDI exon of human fibronectin in an in vivo functional alternative cis-splicing assay. Inclusion was dependent on a splicing enhancer sequence present in the EDI exon. In addition, TcSR and peptides carrying TcSR-RS domain sequences were phosphorylated by a human SR protein kinase. These results indicate that TcSR is a member of the SR splicing network and that some components common to the trans- and cis-splicing machineries evolved from the early origins of the eukaryotic lineage.