IMHICIHU   13380
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
congresos y reuniones científicas
The Emergence of the Egyptian State: Kinship and Social Interstices
El Cairo
Conferencia; Conference "The Emergence of the Egyptian State: Kinship and Social Interstices"; 2013
Institución organizadora:
Institut Français d?Archéologie Orientale
In the mid-fourth millennium BC, crucial changes occurred in the Nile Valley, leading to the formation of a state society, in which a small group imposes its supremacy based on the legitimate monopoly of coercion. This process takes place in a scenario formerly characterized by communities probably organized through the social predominance of kinship ties. Given that the logic of kinship prevents the possibility of strong social differentiation within the society, the advent of the state requires a context that transcends kinship networks. In this sense, it is interesting to notice that the logic of kinship produces a kind of discrete social groups, in mutual contrast with other groups organized around similar criteria. The coexistence of various kinship networks also implies the existence of interstitial spaces ?that is, extra-kinship spaces− between these networks, and these spaces can be propitious realms for the emergence of practices that evade kinship principles. Three kinds of interstitial spaces will be considered: 1) The importance of warfare in Upper Egypt during late Naqada II under the assumption that these wars could lead to the conquest and domination of some previously autonomous communities by others. 2) The role of early urban contexts such as Hierakonpolis during Naqada II, under the hypothesis that those contexts are not only the result of the natural growth of a pre-existing community but the outcome of a process of population concentration, involving the convergence of several kinship groups of heterogeneous origins. 3) The status of Predynastic leaders in the Nile Valley under the assumption that they may have been conceived as sacred beings, and therefore, as de-socialized beings regarding the kinship principles of their own communities.