INSTITUTO DE FISICA LA PLATA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
congresos y reuniones científicas
Testing hadronic interactions with the Pierre Auger Observatory
THE PIERRE AUGER COLLABORATION.; S. J. SCIUTTO; FRANCISCO DIOGO
Conferencia; 10th Cosmic Ray International Seminar; 2016
The most energetic particles in the universe - ultra-high energy cosmic rays - interact with the atmosphere, creatingair showers whose characteristics are sensitive to the primary mass composition and hadronic interaction properties.Currently, these showers are our only window to test the properties of collisions at energies beyond the reach ofhuman-made accelerators. The Pierre Auger Observatory provides the largest data sample of cosmic ray eventswith energy above 1018 eV. Being a hybrid detector, it allows us to independently measure two dierent showercomponents: the profile of the electromagnetic particles crossing the atmosphere, and a sample of all particles thatreach the ground,from which we can retrieve the muon number and the muon production depth profile. It will beshown that none of the hadronic interaction models used for simulations of extensive air showers, which were updatedafter the LHC data, is able to consistently describe all these measured shower observables.