INSTITUTO DE FISICA LA PLATA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
congresos y reuniones científicas
Molecular conformation changes in alkylthiols ligands as a function of size in gold nanoparticles
RAMALLO-LÓPEZ, J. M.; GIOVANETTI, L. J.; REQUEJO, F. G.; ISAACS, S. R.; SHON, Y. S.; SALMERÓN, M.
Universidad de Stanford, Stanford, USA
Conferencia; 13th International Conference on X-ray Absorption Fine Structure; 2006
The bonding of hexanethiols to gold nanoparticles of 1.5, 2.0 and 3 nm was studied using X-ray Absorption Near Edge Spectroscopy (XANES) and Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS). The XANES spectra revealed that a substantial fraction of weakly bound hexanethiol molecules are present in addition to those forming covalent bonds with Au atoms. The weakly bound molecules can be removed by washing in dichloromethane. After removal of the weakly bound molecules the S K-edge XANES reveals peaks due to S-Au and S-C bonds with intensities that change as a function of particle size. Au L3-edge EXAFS results indicate that these changes follow the changes in coordination number of Au to the S atoms at the surface of the particles. This higher accessibility for S atoms to bond gold atoms can be explained by the high curvature of small NP.