INSTITUTO DE QUIMICA, FISICA DE LOS MATERIALES, MEDIOAMBIENTE Y ENERGIA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
"RuBi-Glutamate: Two-Photon and Visible-Light Photoactivation of Neurons and Dendritic spines
FINO ELODIE; ARAYA ROBERTO; PETERKA DARCY; SALIERNO MARCELO; ETCHENIQUE ROBERTO; YUSTE RAFAEL
Frontiers in Neural Circuits
Frontiers Research Foundation
Año: 2009 vol. 3 p. 2 - 2
We describe neurobiological applications of RuBi-Glutamate, a novel caged-glutamate compound based on ruthenium photochemistry. RuBi-Glutamate can be excited with visible wavelengths and releases glutamate after one- or two-photon excitation. It has high quantum effi ciency and can be used at low concentrations, partly avoiding the blockade of GABAergic transmission present with other caged compounds. Two-photon uncaging of RuBi-Glutamate has a high spatial resolution and generates excitatory responses in individual dendritic spines with physiological kinetics. With laser beam multiplexing, two-photon RuBi-Glutamate uncaging can also be used to depolarize and fi re pyramidal neurons with single-cell resolution. RuBi-Glutamate therefore enables the photoactivation of neuronal dendrites and circuits with visible or two-photon light sources, achieving single cell, or even single spine, precision.