INSTITUTO DE QUIMICA, FISICA DE LOS MATERIALES, MEDIOAMBIENTE Y ENERGIA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Multiscale approach to the activation and phosphotransfer mechanism of CpxA histidine kinase reveals a tight coupling between conformational and chemical steps
DEFELIPE, LUCAS A.; TURJANSKI, ADRIÁN G.; BURASTERO, OSVALDO; ARRAR, MEHRNOOSH; MARSICO, FRANCO; LOPEZ, ELIAS DANIEL; MARTI, MARCELO A.
BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS
ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Año: 2018 vol. 498 p. 305 - 305
Sensor histidine kinases (SHKs) are an integral component of the molecular machinery that permits bacteria to adapt to widely changing environmental conditions. CpxA, an extensively studied SHK, is a multidomain homodimeric protein with each subunit consisting of a periplasmic sensor domain, a transmembrane domain, a signal-transducing HAMP domain, a dimerization and histidine phospho-acceptor sub-domain (DHp) and a catalytic and ATP-binding subdomain (CA). The key activation event involves the rearrangement of the HAMP-DHp helical core and translation of the CA towards the acceptor histidine, which presumably results in an autokinase-competent complex. In the present work we integrate coarse-grained, all-atom, and hybrid QM-MM computer simulations to probe the large-scale conformational reorganization that takes place from the inactive to the autokinase-competent state (conformational step), and evaluate its relation to the autokinase reaction itself (chemical step). Our results highlight a tight coupling between conformational and chemical steps, underscoring the advantage of CA walking along the DHp core, to favor a reactive tautomeric state of the phospho-acceptor histidine. The results not only represent an example of multiscale modelling, but also show how protein dynamics can promote catalysis.