INSTITUTO DE QUIMICA, FISICA DE LOS MATERIALES, MEDIOAMBIENTE Y ENERGIA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Critical Role of Endogenous Heme Oxygenase 1 as a Tuner of the Invasive Potential of Prostate Cancer Cells.
GERALDINE GUERON; ADRIANA DE SIERVI; MERCEDES FERRANDO; MARCELO SALIERNO; PAOLA DE LUCA; BELEN ELGUERO; ROBERTO MEISS; NORA NAVONE; ELBA VAZQUEZ
Molecular Cancer Research
American Association for Cancer Research.
Año: 2009 vol. 7 p. 1745 - 1745
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second leading cause of cancer-associated death in men. Inflammation has been recognized as a risk factor for this disease. Heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), the inducible isoform of the rate-limiting enzyme in heme degradation, counteracts oxidative and inflammatory damage. Here, we investigated the regulated expression of HO-1 and its functional consequences in PCa. We studied the effect of genetic and pharmacologic disruption of HO-1 in the growth, invasion, and migration in androgen-sensitive (MDA PCa2b and LNCaP) and androgen-insensitive (PC3) PCa cell lines. Our results show that HO-1 levels are markedly decreased in PC3 compared with MDA PCa2b and LNCaP. Hemin treatment increased HO-1 at both protein and mRNA levels in all cell lines and decreased cell proliferation and invasion. Furthermore, overexpression of HO-1 in PC3 resulted in markedly reduced cell proliferation and migration. Accordingly, small interfering RNAmediated silencing of HO-1 expression in MDA PCa2b cells resulted in increased proliferation and invasion. Using reverse transcription-quantitative PCRgenerated gene array, a set of inflammatory and angiogenic genes were upregulated or downregulated in response to HO-1 overexpression identifying matrix metalloprotease 9 (MMP9) as a novel downstream target of HO-1. MMP9 production and activity was downregulated by HO-1 overexpression. Furthermore, PC3 cells stably transfected with HO-1 (PC3HO-1) and controls were injected into nu/nu mice for analysis of in vivo tumor xenograft phenotype. Tumor growth and MMP9 expression was significantly reduced in PC3HO-1 tumors compared with control xenografts. Taken together, these results implicate HO-1 in PCa cell migration and proliferation suggesting its potential role as a therapeutic target in clinical settings. (Mol Cancer Res 2009;7(11):174555)