INSTITUTO DE QUIMICA, FISICA DE LOS MATERIALES, MEDIOAMBIENTE Y ENERGIA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Two novel DNA variants associated with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency found in Argentine pediatric patients
ALEJANDRO CHAVES; CAROLINA PEPE; DIEGO FERNÁNDEZ; SILVIA EANDI EBERLE; LUCAS ALFREDO DEFELIPE; BERENICE MILANESIO; FERNANDO AGUIRRE; ADRIAN GUSTAVO TURJANSKI; AURORA FELIÚ-TORRES
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Año: 2016 vol. 49 p. 808 - 808
Objective: The enzyme Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) catalyses the first step in the pentose phosphate pathway, producing nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH). NADPH plays a crucial role in preventing oxidative damage to proteins and other molecules in cells, mostly red blood cells. G6PD deficiency has an x-linked pattern of inheritance in which hemizygous males are deficient, while females may or may not be deficient depending on the number of affected alleles. We report two novel DNA variants in the G6PD gene detected in two male probands with chronic nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia (CNSHA), who were referred for hematological evaluation.Method: Probands and their relatives underwent clinical, biochemical, and molecular assessment.Results: Two novel DNA variants, c.995C > T and c.1226C > A, were found in this study. At the protein level, they produce the substitution of Ser332Phe and Pro409Gln, respectively. These DNA variants were analyzed in the female relatives of probands for genetic counseling.Conclusions: The novel DNA variants were classified as Class I based on the clinical, biochemical, and molecular evaluations performed.