INSTITUTO DE QUIMICA, FISICA DE LOS MATERIALES, MEDIOAMBIENTE Y ENERGIA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Is Ammonia a Better Solvent Than Water for Contact Ion Pairs?
SCIAINI, GERMÁN; MARCECA, ERNESTO; FERNÁNDEZ-PRINI
JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B
American Chemical Society
Año: 2008 vol. 112 p. 11990 - 11990
The existence of a charge-transfer-to-solvent process when a KI contact ion pair (CIP) dissolved in supercritical water (SCW) is excited by UV light was confirmed by use of electronic structure calculations applied to molecular dynamics trajectories. We observed similar behavior with fluid density as that found for the KICIP in supercritical ammonia (SCA); nevertheless, there are some distinct features in the two supercritical solvents. First, the effect of the solvent field due to the molecules lying beyond the first solvation shell is very different in SCW compared with that observed in SCA; in SCW it actually has a destabilizing effect over the ground and excited states. Second, our results for the thermodynamic behavior of the CIP indicate that SCA is better solvent than SCW for this species. The differences found can be attributed to the solvent molecules surrounding the CIP and bridging the two ions; they shield more efficiently the ion pair from long-range solvent effects in SCA. The different behavior is partially attributed to a stronger solvent-solvent interaction in SCW than in SCA.