INSTITUTO DE QUIMICA, FISICA DE LOS MATERIALES, MEDIOAMBIENTE Y ENERGIA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Mechanism of the Reaction of human Mn-Superoxide Dismutase with Peroxynitrite: Nitration of Critical Tyrosine-34.
VERONICA DEMICHELI; GABRIEL JARA; DIEGO M MORENO; LIMA A; RIOS N; SEBASTIAN CARBALLAL; CARLOS BATTHYANY; CELIA QUIJANO; GERARDO FERRER-SUETA; DARIO A ESTRIN; RAFAEL RADI; MARCELO A MARTI
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Lugar: Washington; Año: 2016 vol. 55 p. 3403 - 3403
Human Mn-containing superoxide dismutase (hMnSOD) is amitochondrial enzyme that metabolizes superoxide radical (O2?−). O2?− reacts atdiffusional rates with nitric oxide to yield a potent nitrating species, peroxynitriteanion (ONOO−). MnSOD is nitrated and inactivated in vivo, with active siteTyr34 as the key oxidatively modified residue. We previously reported a k of ∼1.0× 105 M−1 s−1 for the reaction of hMnSOD with ONOO− by direct stopped-flowspectroscopy and the critical role of Mn in the nitration process. In this study, wefurther established the mechanism of the reaction of hMnSOD with ONOO−,including the necessary re-examination of the second-order rate constant by anindependent method and the delineation of the microscopic steps that lead to theregio-specific nitration of Tyr34. The redetermination of k was performed bycompetition kinetics utilizing coumarin boronic acid, which reacts with ONOO−at a rate of ∼1 × 106 M−1 s−1 to yield the fluorescence product, 7-hydroxycoumarin. Time-resolved fluorescence studies in the presence of increasing concentrations of hMnSOD provided a kof ∼1.0 × 105 M−1 s−1, fully consistent with the direct method. Proteomic analysis indicated that ONOO−, but not othernitrating agents, mediates the selective modification of active site Tyr34. Hybrid quantum-classical (quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics) simulations supported a series of steps that involve the initial reaction of ONOO− with MnIII to yield MnIVand intermediates that ultimately culminate in 3-nitroTyr34. The data reported herein provide a kinetic and mechanistic basis forrationalizing how MnSOD constitutes an intramitochondrial target for ONOO− and the microscopic events, with atomic levelresolution, that lead to selective and efficient nitration of critical Tyr34.