INSTITUTO DE QUIMICA, FISICA DE LOS MATERIALES, MEDIOAMBIENTE Y ENERGIA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Morphology Tailored SnO2 Thin Films by a Spray Gel Process
C. LUYO; I. FÁBREGAS; L. REYES; J.L. SOLIS; J. RODRÍGUEZ; W. ESTRADA; R J. CANDAL
THIN SOLID FILMS
Año: 2007 vol. 516
Nanostructured tin oxide films were prepared by depositing different sols using the so-called spraygel pyrolysis process. SnO2 suspensions(sols) were obtained from tin (IV) tert-amyloxide (Sn(t-OAm)4) or tin (IV) chloride pentahydrate (SnCl4·5H2O) precursors, and stabilized withammonia or tetraethylammonium hydroxide (TEA-OH). Xerogels from the different sols were obtained by solvent evaporation under controlledhumidity.The Relative Gelling Volumes (RGV) of these sols strongly depended on the type of precursor. Xerogels obtained from inorganic salts gelledfaster, while, as determined by thermal gravimetric analysis, occluding a significant amount of volatile compounds. Infrared spectroscopic analysiswas performed on raw and annealed xerogels (300, 500 °C, 1 h). Annealing removed water and ammonium or alkyl ammonium chloride,increasing the number of SnOSn bonds.SnO2 films were prepared by spraying the sols for 60 min onto glass and alumina substrates at 130 °C. The films obtained from all the solswere amorphous or displayed a very small grain size, and crystallized after annealing at 400 °C or 500 °C in air for 2 h. X-ray diffraction analysisshowed the presence of the cassiterite structure and line broadening indicated a polycrystalline material with a grain size in the nanometer range.Results obtained from Scanning Electron Microscopy analysis demonstrated a strong dependence of the film morphology on the RGVof the sols.Films obtained from Sn(t-OAm)4 showed a highly textured morphology based on fiber-shape bridges, whereas the films obtained fromSnCl4·5H2O had a smoother surface formed by O-ring shaped domains.Lastly, the performance of these films as gas sensor devices was tested. The conductance (sensor) response for ethanol as a target analyte wasof the same order of magnitude for the three kinds of films. However, the response of the highly textured films was more stable with shorterresponse times.