INSTITUTO DE QUIMICA, FISICA DE LOS MATERIALES, MEDIOAMBIENTE Y ENERGIA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Role of Ruthenium Oxidation States in Ligand-to-Ligand Charge Transfer Processes
CRISTINA RAMIREZ; CESAR PEGORARO; FILEVICH, OSCAR; ANDREA BRUTOMESO; ROBERTO ETCHENIQUE; ALEJANDRO PARISE
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Lugar: Washington; Año: 2012 vol. 51 p. 1261 - 1261
We describe in this paper the properties of [Ru-II/III(bpy)(2)ClL](+1/+2) and [Ru-II/III(bpy)(2)L-2](+2/+3). L = ditolyl-3-pyridylamine (dt3pya) is a redox active ligand related to triarylamines, which is very similar to 3-aminopyridine except for the reversible redox behavior. The monosubstituted complex shows a metal-to-ligand charge-transfer (MLCT) at 502 nm, and reversible waves in acetonitrile at E-0(Ru-III/II) = 1.07 V, E-0(L+/0) = 1.46 V (NHE). The disubstituted complex shows an MLCT at 461 nm, a photorelease of dt3pya with quantum yield of 0.11 at 473 nm, and two reversible one-electron overlapped waves at 1.39 V associated with one of the ligands (1.37 V) and Ru-III/II (1.41 V). Further oxidation of the second ligand at 1.80 V forms a 2,2´-bipiridine derivative, in an irreversible reaction similar to dimerization of triphenylamine to yield tetraphenylbenzidine. In the dioxidized state, the spectroelectrochemistry of the disubstituted complex shows a ligand-to-ligand charge transfer at 1425 nm, with a transition moment of 1.25 angstrom and an effective two-state coupling of 1200 cm(-1). No charge transfer between ligands was observed when Ru was in a 2+ oxidation state. We propose that a superexchange process would be involved in ligand-metal-ligand charge transfer, when ligands and metals are engaged in complementary pi interactions, as in metal-ligand-metal complexes. Best orbital matching occurs when metallic donor fragments are combined with acceptor ligands and vice versa. In our case, Ru-III bridge (an acceptor) and two dt3pya (donors, one of them being oxidized) made the complex a Robin-Day Class II system, while the Ru-II bridge (a donor, reduced) was not able to couple two dt3pya (also donors, one oxidized).