INSTITUTO DE QUIMICA, FISICA DE LOS MATERIALES, MEDIOAMBIENTE Y ENERGIA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Photophysics of polyaniline: sequence-length distribution dependence of photoluminescence quenching as studied by fluorescence measurements and Monte Carlo simulations
P. S. ANTONEL; E. VÖLKER; F. V. MOLINA
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2012 vol. 53 p. 2619 - 2619
The dependence of the fluorescence quenching of electropolymerized poly(aniline-co-m-chloroaniline) with polymer composition has been investigated. Fluorescence emission in polyaniline is quenched when the polymer is oxidized (brought to emeraldine state); the copolymers exhibit decreasing quenching as chloroaniline contents increases. Quenching shows a strong decrease in the presence of 0.1 % m-chloroaniline monomers in the feed. The presence of dichloroaniline units in the copolymer was confirmed by XPS measurements and a terpolymerization reaction scheme was developed, obtaining the kinetic parameters. By Monte Carlo simulation the sequence length distributions for different compositions were obtained and compared; it was found that quenching, for low aniline contents, requires aniline sequences of at least three units. The strong decrease in quenching at low m-chloroaniline contents is attributed to a double effect: breaking of conjugation in the emeraldine form by the presence of the chlorinated unit, and a disruption of the close chain packing in the crystalline domains, preventing state delocalization and thus efficient quenching.