INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN ENERGIA NO CONVENCIONAL
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
congresos y reuniones científicas
Building sustainable bioenergy systems
MANRIQUE, SILVINA M.; FRANCO, JUDIT; ALTAMIRANO, MARTIN
Workshop; 23rd European Biomass Conference and Exhibition; 2015
ETA Florence Renewable Energies
The use of biomass for energy involves a series of stages from the production of the resource to the processing and application of it. The biomass contribution as a source of renewable energy and/or carbon reserve ?as two of its most appreciated features today- must be evaluated individually within each temporal, human and territorial context, where the management and its potential are planned. In this work are shown the results of an exhaustive work developed in the north of Argentina, whose objective was to define potential bio-energy systems (BES) that could be implemented in the region. We studying the resources of the Lerma Valley in Salta -approximately 500,500 ha- and building 33 sustainability criteria and indicators agreed upon by international experts (surveys) and local stakeholder participation. We use these criteria within a framework of sustainability built (Participation, Resources, Technology and Impacts). The BES that have been defined are three: a) sanitary landfill biogas for electricity; b) wood biomass for combustion boilers (heat); c) agricultural residues (tobacco and pepper) for heat. None of the options is 100% sustainable (very high sustainability) but neither is unsustainable. This tool allows the detection of aspects that are influencing the level of sustainability of each alternative. The developed methodology and the results are a useful contribution to the advancement of knowledge of bioenergy systems, detecting and quantifying critical criteria which should be evaluated in developing countries, and which could be included in quality standards.