INENCO   05446
INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN ENERGIA NO CONVENCIONAL
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
congresos y reuniones científicas
Título:
CENIZA: A Iberoamerican Network for modelling and Monitoring Volcanic Ash and Aerosols and its impacto n Infraestructures and Air Quality
Autor/es:
AMIGO A; COLLINI E; CORDOBA G.; DELGADO GRANADOS H.; FOLCH A.; GARCIA REYNOSO A.; MUÑOZ A.; PARRA R.; SALMUNI, G.; VIRAMONTE J.G.
Lugar:
Colima
Reunión:
Congreso; Cities on Volcanoes 7; 2012
Institución organizadora:
International Association on Volcanology and the Chemistry of Earth Interior IAVCEI
Resumen:
CENIZA: A Ibero-American Network for Modelling and Monitoring Volcanic Ash andAerosols and its Impact on Infrastructures and Air QualityAlvaro Amigo (1), Estela Collini (2), Gustavo Cordoba (3), Hugo Delgado Granados (4), Arnau Folch (5), Jose Agustin Garcia Reynoso (6),Angelica Muñoz (7), Rene Parra (8), Graciela Salmuni (9), Jose German Viramonte (10)(1) SERNAGEOMIN, Chile., (2) Servicio de Hidrografía Naval, (SHN) Argentina, (3) Universidad de Nariño, Colombia, (4) Instituto deGeofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico, (5) Barcelona Supercomputing Center – Centro Nacional deSupercomputación, Spain , (6) Centro de Ciencias de la Atmósfera, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico, (7) ) InstitutoNicaragüense de Estudios Territoriales (INETER), Nicaragua, (8) Universidad de San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador, (9) Comisión Nacional deActividades Espaciales (CONAE), Argentina, (10) Instituto de Geología del Noroeste Argentino GEONORTE-INENCO ( UNSa-CONICET),Salta, ArgentinaCorrespondence: joseviramonte@yahoo.com.arVolcanic eruptions can inject large quantities of ash and aerosols that at transported hundreds of kilometres downwind by the prevailing winds.On the other hand, many volcanoes show diffuse emission of gases and aerosols during intra-eruptive periods. Both phenomena have consequences at regional and local scales and influence the quality of air of the surrounding areas. CENIZA is a networking project (2010-2012)funded by the Ibero-American Development Programme for Science and Technology ( Red temática CYTED-410RT0392 http://www.bsc.es/case/projects/ceniza/) a Programme aimed at combining different perspectives and visions to promote cooperation in Research and Innovation for the development of the Latin America region. The CENIZA network gathers institutions from seven different Latin-American countries (Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Spain) and is devoted to monitoring, modelling and forecasting volcanic ash and aerosol dispersion. Focussing on large urban areas located nearby active volcanoes, the network has developed and implemented the necessary tools for a daily forecast of ash fallout during eruptions and airborne gas/aerosol concentration from diffuse emissions. The modelling system can also be used to reproduce eruptions that have occurred in the past and for fallout hazard assessment. A second goal has been to investigate the role of volcanic emissions on local atmospheric pollution and its effects on air quality and human health at short and mid-term.
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