CERELA   05438
CENTRO DE REFERENCIA PARA LACTOBACILOS
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
artículos
Título:
Influence of culture and nutritional conditions on self-flocculation of a Kloeckera apiculata wine strain
Autor/es:
SOSA OSCAR A.; FAR√ćAS MARTA E
Revista:
FOOD TECHNOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
Editorial:
FACULTY FOOD TECHNOLOGY BIOTECHNOLOGY
Referencias:
Lugar: Sagreb, Croatia; Año: 2010
ISSN:
1330-9862
Resumen:
The current work examined the environmental conditions to control the expression of self-flocculation of Kloeckera apiculata mc1 isolated from Argentinian grapes with proven beneficial effect on wine aroma. Temperature had a direct effect on expression of flocculation resulting in an increase in the number of zymolectin sites determined with a BSA-Gal-FITC probe and quantified with the Scatchard plot. Agitation had a positive effect on yeast flocculation and the effect did not correlate with an increase in the hydrophobic index. Addition of glucose, fructose or ethanol to YNB medium without nitrogen sources stimulated flocculation. Assimilative nitrogen sources had a negative impact on flocculation in the absence of an energy source. During winemaking, control of flocculation by environmental factors such as temperature and presence of nutrients could be applied in order to optimize the fermentation process and hence the quality of the final product. Knowledge of the effect of different parameters on flocculation of the wine yeast K. apiculata mc1 allows prediction of the behavior of this yeast during fermentation