CENTRO DE REFERENCIA PARA LACTOBACILOS
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Cytotoxic damage of soybean agglutinin on intestinal epithelial cells of broiler chicks: In vitro protection by Bifidobacterium infantis CRL1395
ARGAÑARAZ MARTÍNEZ, ELOY; BABOT, JAIME DANIEL; PEREZ CHAIA, ADRIANA; APELLA, MARÍA CRISTINA; LORENZO PISARELLO, MARÍA JOSÉ
FEMS MICROBIOLOGY LETTERS
WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2016 vol. 363 p. 1 - 1
Plant lectins, which are proteins/glycoproteins present in a wide range of vegetables, fruits, cereals and beans, are resistant to digestive enzymes and food cooking temperatures. They bind reversibly to specific glycosidic residues expressed on the membrane of intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) and cause anti-nutritional effects in humans and animals. Soybean lectin (SBA) has been detected in poultry diets, and its ability to bind to the intestinal epithelium has been reported. The development of new methods for removing SBA from feeds or to prevent interaction with the intestinal mucosa is of interest. In this study, the in vitro cytotoxicity of SBA on IEC of chicks was demonstrated for the first time. The LD50, assessed after 2 h exposure of IEC to SBA, was 6.13 μg mL-1. The ability of Bifidobacterium infantis CRL1395 to bind SBA on the bacterial envelope was confirmed, and prevention of IEC cytotoxicity by lectin removal was demonstrated. Safety of B. infantis CRL1395, resistance to gastrointestinal stress and adhesion were also determined. It was concluded that the early administration of B. infantis CRL1395 to chicks would effectively reduce the toxicity of SBA. Besides, it would favour the colonisation of the gut with a beneficial microbiota.