CENTRO DE REFERENCIA PARA LACTOBACILOS
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Effect of long-term continuous consumption of fermented milk containing probiotic bacteria on mucosal immunity and the activity of peritoneal macrophages
DE MORENO DE LEBLANC, A; CHAVES, S; CARMUEGA, E; WEILL, R; ANTÓINE, J; PERDIGÓN, G
Año: 2008 vol. 213 p. 97 - 97
The effect of the long-term administration of commercial fermented milk containing probiotic bacteria in the mucosal immune response and peritoneal macrophages was analyzed. BALB/c mice were fed with fermented milk for 98 consecutive days. Small and large intestines were removed for histology; IgA, CD4, CD8 cells and cytokines-producing cells were counted. The influence on the immune cells associated with bronchus and mammary glands as well as on peritoneal macrophages was also analyzed. Continuous oral administration of fermented milk increased IgA+ cells in both parts of the intestine (small and large intestine). IL-10, a regulatory cytokine, increased in the intestinal cells in most samples. TNFalpha, IFNgamma and IL-2 producing cells were also enhanced. Values for CD4 and CD8(+) cell populations in lamina propria of the intestine were increased in relation to the control throughout the assay. No modifications in the histology of intestines were observed. Long-term consumption of fermented milk enhanced intestinal mucosa immunity, mediated by IgA+ cells and by cytokine production. This improvement of gut immunity was maintained and down-regulated by cytokines such as IL-10, preventing gut inflammatory immune response. The effect of this fermented milk on mucosal sites distant to the gut, such as bronchus and mammary glands, showed that in both tissues the increase in IgA+ cells was only observed at the beginning of the continuous consumption and no modifications in the number of cytokine positive cells were found. Similar observations were found when phagocytic activity of peritoneal macrophages was measured. It was demonstrated that the most evident effect of long-term consumption of fermented milk was observed in the intestine. Immunodulatory effects and the maintenance of intestinal homeostasis without secondary effects after long-term administration of fermented milk were also observed.