CENTRO DE REFERENCIA PARA LACTOBACILOS
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Proteomic and peptidomic insights onmyofibrillar protein hydrolysis in a sausage model during fermentation with autochthonous starter cultures
LÓPEZ CONSTANZA MARÍA .; SENTANDREU, MIGUEL ANGEL; VIGNOLO, GRACIELA, .; FADDA, SILVINA
FOOD RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2015 vol. 78 p. 41 - 41
The hydrolysis of myofibrillar proteins during fermentation of sausage models by an autochthonous starter culture was investigated. In order to provide a whole map of the generated products, proteomic and peptidomic were used and complemented with the amino acid profile. Beaker sausages (BS) were used as models which were inoculated or notwith Lactobacillus curvatus CRL705 and Staphylococcus vitulinus GV318 as starter cultures. The hydrolysis of actin,myosin light chain 1/3 (MLC 1/3),myosin regulatory light chain-2 (MRLC-2) and myosin heavy chain (MHC)was evidenced by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE). In addition, a total of 33 peptides arisen from troponin T, MRLC-2 and particularly from actin were identified by LC?MS/MS. These results showed that the starter culture significantly enhanced the proteolysis of the proteins named above, even when the endogenous enzymes induced a clear breakdown. L. curvatus CRL705 highly enriched both peptide pattern and amino acid concentrations. When the autochthonous starter culture was inoculated, although proteolysis was remarkably reinforced, a reduction in peptide and amino acid composition was observed. Regarding actin primary structure, three regions of this protein were highly susceptible to degradation by the starter culture. Additionally,the essential role of exopeptidases ? from meat and bacteria ? in diversity of actin peptides during fermentation was shown. This study improved the knowledge of the proteolysis of myofibrillar proteins and the involved enzymes, as well as, completed the previously reported degradation of sarcoplasmic proteins by the same autochthonous starter culture. The singular peptides and amino acids pattern generated might contribute to the uniqueness of produced fermented sausages while they may be used as quality markers.