CENTRO DE REFERENCIA PARA LACTOBACILOS
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Role of arachidonic acid cascade in Rhinella arenarum oocyte maturation
ORTIZ, ME; ARIAS TORRES, AJ; ZELARAYAN, LI
CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
Lugar: Cambridge; Año: 2014 vol. 25 p. 1 - 1
There are no studies that document the production of prostaglandins (PGs) or their role in Rhinella arenarum oocyte maturation. In this study, we analysed the effect of arachidonic acid (AA) andprostaglandins (PGs) on maturation, activation and pronuclear formation in R. arenarum oocytes. Our results demonstrated that AA was capable of inducing maturation in time-dependent and dose-dependent manner. Arachidonic acid-induced maturation was inhibited by indomethacin. PGs from AA hydrolysis, such as prostaglandin F2a (PGF2a) and, to a lesser extent, PGE2, induced meiosis resumption. Oocyte maturation in response to PGF2a was similar to that produced by progesterone (P4). Oocyte response to PGE1 was scarce. Rhinella arenarum oocyte PGF2a-induced maturation showed seasonal variation. From February to June, oocytes presented low sensitivity to PGF2a. In following periods, this response increased until a maximum was reached during October to January, a close temporal correlation with oocyte response to P4 being observed. The effect of PGF2a on maturation was verified by analysing the capacity of oocytes to activate and form pronuclei after being injected with homologous sperm. The cytological analysis of activated oocytes demonstrated the absence of cortical granules in oocytes, suggesting that PGF2a induces germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) and meiosis resumption up to metaphase II. In turn, oocytes matured by the action of PGF2a were able to form pronuclei after fertilization in a similar way to oocyte maturated by P4. In microinjection of mature cytoplasm experiments, the transformation of pre-maturation promoting factor (pre-MPF) to MPF was observed when oocytes were treated with PGF2a. In summary, our results illustrated the participation of the AA cascade and its metabolites in maturation, activation and pronuclei formation in R. arenarum.