CENTRO DE REFERENCIA PARA LACTOBACILOS
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Selection of indigenous lactic acid bacteria to reinforce the intestinal microbiota of newly hatched chicken- relevance of in vitro and ex vivo methods for strains characterization
BABOT J.D.; ARGAÑARAZ MARTÍNEZ E.; APELLA M. C.; PEREZ CHAIA A.
RESEARCH IN VETERINARY SCIENCE
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2014 vol. 97 p. 8 - 8
Based on the natural benefits of the indigenous microbiota, lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from poultry origin were isolated from hens and broilers intestine, and their probiotic potential was further studied. The tolerance to digestion, adhesion, capture of a mannose-binding lectin, absence of virulent factors and antibiotic resistances were studied. Different in vitro and ex vivo assays were performed to select tolerant and adherent strains because standardized protocols have not been defined. Fourteen strains highly tolerant to gastrointestinal digestion were genetically identified. Hydrophobic surfaces were not required for the bacterial adhesion and only nine strains adhered ex vivo to the intestinal mucosa. Three strains captured a lectin of the same specificity of Type-1 fimbriae. Virulence factors were absent but some strains evidenced multiple antibiotic resistances. These results provide bases for a future standardization of methods for the selection of probiotic strains intended to reinforce the microbiota of newly hatched chickens