CENTRO DE REFERENCIA PARA LACTOBACILOS
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Biochemical, antimicrobial, and molecular characterization of a noncytotoxic bacteriocin produced by Lactobacillus plantarum ST71KS
RUIZ MARTINEZ, RC; WACHSMAN, M; TORRES, NI; LEBLANC, JEAN GUY; FRANCO, B. D. G. M.; TODOROV, S.D.
ACADEMIC PRESS LTD-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2013 vol. 34 p. 376 - 376
Lactobacillus (Lb.) plantarum ST71KS was isolated from homemade goat feta cheese and identified using biochemical and molecular biology techniques. As shown by Tricine-SDS-PAGE, this lactic acid bacterium produces a bacteriocin (ST71KS) with an estimated molecular weight of 5.0 kDa. Bacteriocin ST71KS was not affected by the presence of alpha-amylase, catalase and remained stable in a wide range of pH and after treatment with Triton X-100, Triton X-114, Tween 20, Tween 80, NaCl, SDS, urea and EDTA. This bacteriocin also remained active after being heated at 100 °C for 2 h and even after 20 min at 121 °C; however, it was inactivated by proteolitic enzymes. Production of bacteriocin ST71KS reached 6400 AU/mL during stationary growth phase of Lb. plantarum cultivated in MRS at 30 °C and 37 °C. Bacteriocin ST71KS displayed a bactericidal effect against Listeria monocytogenes strains 603 and 607 and did not adsorb to the producer cells. Lb. plantarum ST71KS harbors two bacteriocin genes with homology to plantaricin S and pediocin PA-1. These characteristics indicate that bacteriocin ST71KS is a class IIa bacteriocin. The peptide presented no toxic effect when tested in vitro with kidney Vero cells, indicating safe technological application to control L. monocytogenes in foods.