CENTRO DE REFERENCIA PARA LACTOBACILOS
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Lactic acid bacteria from raw milk as potentially strains to prevent bovine mastitis
MARIA CAROLINA ESPECHE; MATIAS PELLEGRINO; IGNACIO FROLA; ALEJANDRO LARRIESTRA; CRISTINA BOGNI; MARIA ELENA FÁTIMA NADER
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Año: 2012 vol. 18 p. 103 - 103
Bovine mastitis produces a wide variety of problems in the dairy farm. The treatment of this disease is based on the use of antibiotics which are not always effective. These drugs are also responsible for the presence of residues in the milk and the increase of antibiotic-resistant strains. Probiotic products were proposed as a valid alternative to antibiotic therapies and are also useful for the prevention of infectious syndromes. With the aim of designing a probiotic product to prevent bovine mastitis, lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were isolated from foremilk samples from different dairy farms in Córdoba-Argentina. One hundred and seventeen LAB were isolated and their beneficial characteristics as production of inhibitory substances, surface properties and production of exopolysaccharides (EPS) were assessed. Most of them displayed low degree of hydrophobicity, autoaggregation, EPS negative phenotype and were identified as Enterococcus hirae and Pediococcus pentosaceus. Nine LAB strains inhibited three indicator bacteria. Some isolates were pre-selected and genetically identified according to the results obtained. Antibiotic resistance and virulence factors were studied for the assessment of safety of the strains. The results obtained were compared to those reported previously from samples obtained in the North-western area of the country and some differences were found.