CENTRO DE REFERENCIA PARA LACTOBACILOS
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Stability of lactobacilli encapsulated in various microbial polymers
MARIA LUJAN JIMENEZ PRANTEDA; DENIS PONCELET; MARIA ELENA FÁTIMA NADER; ANTONIO ARCOS; MARGARITA AGUILERA GÓMEZ; MERCEDES MONTEOLIVA SANCHEZ; ALBERTO RAMOS CORMENZANA
JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCE AND BIOENGINEERING
SOC BIOSCIENCE BIOENGINEERING JAPAN
Año: 2012 vol. 113 p. 179 - 179
Various microbial polymers, namely xanthan gum, gellan gum, pullulan gum and jamilan, were tested as a suitable encapsulating material for Lactobacillus plantarum CRL 1815 and Lactobacillus rhamnosus ATCC 53103. Resulting capsules were also studied for their pH and simulated gastrointestinal conditions tolerance. The morphology of the microcapsules was studied using scanning electron microscopy. pH tolerance was tested at pH 2.0, 3.5, 5 and 6.5 over a 6-h incubation period. Simulated gastrointestinal conditions were assayed with simulated gastric and pancreatic juices and simulated bile over a 24-h incubation period. Suspensions of probiotic organisms were used as a control. The results from encapsulation with microbial polymers indicate that mixtures of 1% xanthan gum with 0.75% gellan gum and 1% jamilan with 1% gellan gum were the most suitable for microencapsulation. Results for the pH tolerance tests showed no improvement in the viability of cells in relation to the control, except for pH 2.0 where lactobacilli encapsulated in xanthan:gellan gum (1%:0.75%) prolonged their viability afterl 6-h exposure. Xanthan:gellan gum (1%:0.75%) was the most effective of the encapsulating materials tested in protecting L. plantarum and L.rhamnosus against simulated bile, improving its viability in 1-2 log CFU when compared with control. The results of this study suggest that microbial polymers aree an interesting source of encapsulating material that should be taken into account for prospective studies of probiotic encapsulation for oral delivery applications.